English Shaŋkarya Source Language(s)
about (prep, regarding) pra Belarusian
above ka-rē-ya karia — Igbo
across (prep) kwa qua — Vietnamese
against (prep), versus la Tibetan
air (n, earth's atmosphere) er air — English, French; aire — Basque, Provencal
along (prep) lansht laanscht — Luxembourgish
am, is, are soy Spanish
among pod Polish
and to Japanese, Koryak
animal phō-kha phukha — Venda
appear wa-rē wari — Fulani (Maasina dialect)
arise ō-ma umma — Fulani (Caka dialect, Nigeria)
arm (n, anat) le Burmese
around (prep, encircling) ōm om — Norwegian), um — German
arrow (n) flech flétʃ — Zapotec (Tlacolulita)
as (in the position of) co Hokkien, Teochew
ash ē-vō ivu — Kinyarwanda, Rundi
at Acehnese, Balinese, Batak, Indonesian, Malay, Manado, Medanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese
awake boe-ka boka — Kisii
axe (n) bi — Nangikurrunggurr
baby me Apache (Western, White River, Arizona)
bag (n) sek Norwegian (Nynorsk)
bake (v) bak Afrikaans, Luxembourgish, Silesian, Vlaams
balance (v, steady) luj — White Hmong
banana (n) ba-na bàná — Temne
beach træ tré — Irish (Ulster)
bean fa ffa — Welsh
bear (n) nē-ta nita' — Chickasaw; nita — Choctaw
beautiful a-pæ ápè — Avatime (Siya, Sia)
bed (n) bæd Afrikaans, Dutch, Panjabi, Scots; bêd — Frisian; bæd — Ninglish; 'bet — German (Swiss)
before (prep) cēn ts'in — Georgian
begin sō-rō Awadhi, Magahi
believe (v) brēn Bereni — Kirike
belly (n) o-gul ogl — Melpa
besides (prep) kand-jē Sara
between (prep) la-waŋ Lao
big ta Mandarin, Shanghainese
bird ma-nō manu — Hawaiian, Maori, Samoan
bitter (adj) kha k'a — Q'eqchi' (Coban dialect)
blanket (n) yoe jo — Korean (Cheju)
blood ra Malagasy
blue blō English, Igbo, Maltese, Provencal, Scots, Tok Pisin, Tumbuka, Venetian
body (anat) ko kò — Haitian Creole
bone gōd Hainanese
book (n) bōk boek — Dutch; book — English, Limburgish; bunx — Plautdietsch; buk — Luo; Jamaican Creole English, Tok Pisin, bok — Norwegian
bottle (n) ēk-bæ ikpe — Tiv
brain o-tak Buginese, Indonesian, Malay, Medanese
branch (n) ni naiŋ — Mon
bread po põ — Cape Verde Creole
break (v) wa Klao
breast a-hoe àhó — Gua (Anum)
breathe (v) woe Sango
bring (v) voe vo — Urhobo
broom (n) chaŋ cɕaŋ — Sissala
brother bi bhai, bhæe etc — Assamese, Bengali, Chittagonian, Gujarati, Hindi, Magahi, Maithili, Nepali, Rajasthani, Urdu
but am-ma Dyerma, Fulani, Hausa, Krymchak, Kumyk
buy goe-ra gũra — Kikuyu
camp (n) Kom
can (able to) ac Khmer
canoe, kayak jē-man jiimaan — Ojibwe
centre (n) thov tov — Mongolian
change (v) (alter) kem kemm — Breton
charcoal ba-ga Bikol, Central (Naga)
cheat (v) phe pʹe̠˥ — Yi
chicken (n) tē-e tiɛ — Vai
chief (n) hōk huuk — Nisenan
child (n) zer zər —Marghi
chop (v) cap +sap — Krio
city kart qart — Phoenician
clean (adj) mar-zōt marzut — Archi
cloth (n) e-ta e'ta — Larteh
clothes nōp nup — Bella Coola
cloud (n) baz Meriam
coffin ta-bōt Arabic (Egyptian), Azeri, Baluchi, Bashkir, Bhojpuri, Crimean, Farsi, Gagauz, Hindi, Kumyk, Kurdish, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tartar, Turkish, Urdu
colour (n) raŋ Bhojpuri, Farsi, Hindi, Hindi (Fiji), Kashmiri, Lak, Lezghian, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Newari, Pashto, Punjabi (Eastern & Western), Rajasthani, Sindhi, Tajik, Tharu, Urdu, Uzbek
come ya Lingala
corner (n) mbō mbu — Ngwe
correct (adj) thēk Thik — Kashmiri, Magahi, Maithili, Nepali, Odia
count (v, enumerate) da dan — Bambara
courtyard dar Arabic (North Levantine)
crab ō-zē ózì — Emai (Ora dialect)
crow (n) wak Murrin-Patha
cup, glass jom cam — Azerbaijani, South; ьом — Tajik
cut, sever, separate be Angami (Khonoma dialect)
day (daytime) es ass — Berber (Tamazight)
despite (prep) ve Fang
dew (n) chō c'u — Lakota
dish (n, gastron) ko-o Mixtec, Coatzospan
do tōn German
dog kelb Arabic (Tunisian)
door, gate, chapter bab Arabic (South Levantine/Jordanian/Syrian/Palestinian)
dot toc-ka Chukchi, Erzya, Koryak, Macedonian, Russian, Ukrainian
drag (v, haul, pull, draw) ē i: — Badaga
dream sēn-kō sinku — Ha||om
drink (v) aok Masai
duck (n) u Hmong Njua
eagle (n) goe gò — Khana
ear kan Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Magahi, Marathi, Nepali, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Tharu, Urdu
earth ter-ra Arpitan, Catalan, Galician, Latin, Portuguese
eat dya dia — Efik; Shona, Tsonga, Yao
egg (n) choe Mazatec
eight (n) ok-to Greek, Interlingua, Pantos-Dimou-Glossa; octo — Eurolang, Mundolinco, Unilingua
empty (adj) phēn Korean
enclosure (n) a-ga agá — Moru
even (adv) kæs Dakota
evening (n) nakh Rutul
eye (n) ma-ta Acehnese, Banjar, Batak, Bikol, Buginese, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Iloko, Indonesian, Madurese, Makassar, Malay, Manado, Maori, Medanese, Pampangan, Panay, Pangasinan, Samoan, Tagalog, Tongan, Waray
face pēt Chuvash
fan (n, kitchen etc) bii — Banawa
farm (n) he xɛ  — Susu
fast (adj, quick) lef Mapudungun
fast (v) ŋæ nghei — Mizo
father a-bō Akkadian
fatigue (n) e-ve-le ɛvɛlɛ — Nzema
fear ē-foe ífɔ̃́ — Siwu
feather (n) tha-wa tháwá — Sandawe
find (v) mam mamʼ — Wari'
finger kō-ba quba — Oromo
fingernail (n) o-ña-la onyala — Ndonga
fire tō-lē tuli — Estonian, Finnish, Livvi-Karelian, Voro
fish (n) toek tɔk — Berom
five (n) pen-de Greek
flea aj adz' — Abkhaz
flood ba Albay Bikol (Daraga dialect), Egyptian, Bahasa Banjar
flower líH — Chinantec (Palantla dialect)
follow, mimic, imitate tok-kam jokkam — Fulani (West Niger dialect)
for (prep, in intended for) ozh už — Lithuanian
force (n) moc Silesian, Slovene
four (n) tes-se-ra Greek
friend (n) o-ta Ebira
front (adj) un ön — Azeri, Turkish, Turkmen
fruit phal Bhojpuri, Doteli, Hindi, Kashmiri, Punjabi, Tharu, Urdu
giraffe (n) yun Yìeno — Mabaan
give dwot Latvian
goat (n) péé — Tee; peʔ — Wa
God Ne-ter Egyptian
good bra Swedish
grandfather (n) ba-bō Бабу — Krymchak, Mingrelian, Swahili
grandson (n) hæ-ya-dæ Seneca
grass ca-nē cani — Bemba; tjani — Swati
hair mí — Bassa
hand poe po — Guarani
hat (n) hat Pangasinan
have (v, possess) mi Bikol, Hiligaynon, Panay, Tagalog
he (pron) e Elamite, Papiamento, Scottish Gælic
head (n, anat) kap cap — Catalan, Occitan, Romanian; Kopp — Luxembourgish
hear (v, listen) va Xhosa
heart (n, anat) ŋo ngoo — Kamba
heavy li — Kachin
help ka-la Sidamo
hip (n) pem பெம் — Toda
hit, beat, strike, smite ha-oe hao — Gimi
hold, grab, seize, grasp ka-me kamɛ — Dahalo
hole ba-da
holy (adj) gwē-goe-loe gugjulu — Yanyuwa
horse pō-kō puuku — Comanche; puccu — Fulani
hot (adj, temperature) mo-toe moto — Swahili
house ka-sa casa — Aragonese, Aromanian, Asturian, Corsican, Interlingue, Spanish
hunger a-koe ako — Cama
hunt (v) pē-hum Piχm — Shuswap
husband a Cacua
hyena e-bō ebu — Teso
I men Bhojpuri, Crimean, Hindi, Karaim, Kara-Kalpak, Kazakh, Kirgiz, Krymchak, Kumyk, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Sumerian, Tajik, Turkmen, Uighur, Urdu, Uzbek
if a-gar Baluch, Farsi, Kashmiri, Magahi, Maithili, Rajasthani, Tajik, Tharu, Urdu, Uzbek
illness (n) gēr ɟir  — Serer-Sine
in ēn Afrikaans, Corsican, Dutch, English, Frisian, German, Italian, Komi, Latin, Lombard, Yiddish
including (prep) pa-tē pati — Bikol, Hiligaynon, Panay
ink (n) kha-lam ቀለም qelem — Tigrinya
intellect zen zehn — Baluchi, Central Kurdish, Mazanderani
intercourse (n, sex) dcap tcap — Winnebago
intestine (n) she-ō ʃeu —Tsou
itch cu Hani
jar (n, container) zhu ž́ə  — Ubykh
jump (v) brur Boru — Lendu
kangaroo kaŋ-gō-rō gangurru — Gugu Yimidjir
kick (v) taŋ-ga tanga — Diriku
king, royal, monarch fon fon — Bafut
knee (n) yēmpōla yimpula — Tiwi
knife gi — Kala Lagaw Ya
language ba-sa Acehnese, Balinese, Bengali, Hindi, Javanese, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Odia, Rajasthani, Santali, Sindhi, Sundanese, Telugu, Tharu
laugh (v) yen jen — Kono
law roem rom — Yolngu
leaf (n) ē-ti itaí — Piraha
leopard (n) pu mpu — Kōnzime
life o-la Samoan
light (n) ben Noongar
like (prep, resembling) si — Albanian
lion teu Jul|hoan
lip dok dhok — Luo
lizard a-pa Idoma
louse dod dord — Gunwinggu
love (v) oy Hakka
luck (n) ōn Korean (Seoul)
lung (n) wa-ra Nungguburu
make (v) ma Karen
male na-nē naani — Alabama
man run Chinese
many, much, a lot of bu Adyghe (West Circassian)
marsh (n) hal hàːll̥ — Tübatulabal
mass (n, phys) mas-sa Afrikaans + 33 languages
meat lu Kabardian
medicine bakh-be Crow
menstruate (v) lōŋ Mpi
message (n) oe-la ólà — Sekpele
messenger ra-sōl Arabic, Deccan, Somali
milk (n) ma-hwæ manhwe — Mbukushu
month mes Aragonese, Asturian, Catalan, Chamorro, Chavacano de Zamboanga, Extremaduran, Galician, Lombard, Provencal
moon a-wōn aun — Bukiyip
more (adj) ma-ya Warlpiri
mountain san Cantonese, Dungan, Eastern Min, Foochow, Gan, Hakka, Hunanese, Korean, Sichuanese
mouse (n) dōs Nama (Hottentot)
mouth (n) sē-mē simi — Quechua (Ayacucho & Cusco dialects)
move mōv English, Lombard (mouv)
mud (n) malt máɬt — Montana Salish (Flathead)
name (n) na-ma Bavarian, Gujarati, Indonesian, Malay, Manado, Medanese, Odia, Sanskrit, Sinhala
nation (n) o-ma omá — Nkonya
navel (n) pō-sa Pusā — Pattani Malay; pusa' — Malagasy
near (prep) Akan
neck vēz viz — Armenian
net, sieve, web ē-dæ ide — Isoko
new ō-ē új — Hungarian
nine (n) ēn-nea Greek
none a-den ádin — Navajo
north (n) zu-gar zìgar — Ngizim
nose nos Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Slovenian; Yiddish (noz)
nut (botany) æ-bē ebi — Cherepon
ocean a-li alaye — Arrernte, Eastern
on, upon bon Dyerma, Thai
one (n) e-na Ekari, Greek, Slovene
only (prep) no Khanty, Macedonian, Mansi, Russian
open yat Kalenjin
opposite (prep) go-do Ewe
or ē-lē Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian
ostrich (n) o-mo òmhó — kwanyama
owl (n) kat-bru katbu — Oro Win
palm (n, hand) pa-ka Pitjantjatjara
pattern (n) ba-la bala — Komi; bála — !Xóõ
peace paz Aragonese, Asturian, Galician, Kaqchikel, Portuguese, Spanish
pelvis (n) ra-bē rapi — Nyangumarta
pigeon, dove hoe-kē hhooki — Iraqw
place (n) tham thāṁ — Panjabi; tham — Saurashtra
play (v) bre Efik, Ibibio
pole (n) soe so: — Okinawan
pond koshk kolk — Itelmen
possessive particle ke Bhojpuri, Cantonese, Magahi
pour (v) ju — Obulom
pray (v) khya Columbia-Wenatchi
price kost cost' — Neapolitan
purpose ka-ra-nam Tamil, Malayalam
quarrel kwa-rul kwarel — Nigerian Pidgin
raccoon (n) oe-koe uhuh-kuh — Konkow Maidu
rain (n) pa-ra Quechua (Cusco & Cochabamba)
rat (n) brō-læ brulei — Titan
red wē-la wila — Aymara
reef yas Aleut (Western)
religion dam-ma dhamma — Pali
rice (n, plant) khao Northern Thai
rich (adj) sō-gē Sugi — Atas Mori; sugih — Balinese, Javanese
right (adj, not left) ma-ra maarda —- Yindjibarndi
ring (n, finger) de-e Mixtec, Diuxi-Tilantongo
river chwan Sichuanese
roast (v) o Defaka
rock (n, stone) ē-pē ipì — Awutu (Efutu)
roof cat chhat — Baluchi, Bhojpuri, Haryanvi, Hindi, Maithili, Nepali, Pashto, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Urdu
root (n) ha-pē hapíí –- Mende
rub (v) zoe zò – Ngie
run (v) fēg fi'gi — Oromo (Maca dialect)
salt (n) de-bē dibi — Jul'hoan
sauce (n) ma-fa ma:fa — Songhay
scar pa-lē pali — Cuyonon, Panay
see (v, look) sa Assamese
seed ō-se use — Nanai
self ras Amharic
sense (n, feeling) wōm wum — Kusaal
seven (n) ep-ta Greek
shave la-ba Fulani (Adamawa dialect, Cameroons)
shoot (v) sha Bura-Pabir
shoulder (n) o-va Degema
sin (n), transgression æt-sha Ga
sing Kalabari
six (n) e-ksē Greek
skin (n, pelt, hide) baŋ Dagbani
sky ō-ra-nos Greek
slap (v) fe fɛ — Ngwo
smell (v, sniff) mōp Zhuang
smoke ha-lē-na halina — Kanite
snake dab Arabic (Najdi/Saudi)
sneeze hak-tēs ̈ˈhaʔtɪs — Serrano
so (conj, consequently) ja-dē jadi — Acehnese, Indonesian, Javanese, Makassar, Malay, Manado, Medanese, Minangkabau
son bæ-ta Bhojpuri, Chattisgarhi, Magahi, Maithili, Urdu
sore (n) o-lo Krache
sound (n, phys) so-no Esperanto, Haitian Creole, Ido, Interlingua
speak so Yoruba
spear ga-ra Gumatj, Yolngu
spider kad gat — Burarra
spit (v) a-pal apilh — Kaititj
split (v) ya-pēc yɑʔpɑtʃ  — Wik-Mungkan
squirrel ba-bæ ±Hua
stand (v) aŋul anil̪ — Waghi
star (n) soe-sa Sosa — Limba
stare ro Edo
steal (v) va-ka Kwangali
stick (n) ō-me Kunà — Kutep
stomach an Aghul
strange (adj) shakh ʃɑ́χ — Yakima
street ō-ram uram — Abaza, Bashkir, Chechen, Chuvash, Tartar
sun ōd Sumerian
sweat (n) wep ჳფ (wɛpʰ) — Svan
sweep za zaa — Igbo, zàà — Ikwere
swim (v) kō-ba-ra kubará — Yeyi
tall, high, elevated (adj) ti — Bruu
taste (n) smak smak — Belarusian, Norwegian, Papiamento, Polish, Rusyn, Silesian, Swedish; smaak - Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian
tear (v), rend, rip ka Izon
ten (n) de-ka Frater, Glosa, Greek, Pasilingua; deca — Interglosa, Kosmos
thick (adj) pēm pim — Tzotzil, Huixtán; Kaqchikel; piim — Maya
thing (n) kef këf (Wolof)
think (v) yoep Coptic
this (adj) Gagauz, Tartar, Yakut
thorn (n) jē-ya či2ya2 — Popoloca, San Felipe Otlaltepec
three (n) trē-a Breathanach, Communications sprache, Frendo, Greek, Kosmos, Pasilingua, Lingvo Kommona
through (prep) goc Mari
throw (v) pi paaj — Chong (Phluang dialect)
thunder la-koe Kelabit
time (n, dimension) dem Kurdish (Kurmanji)
to Ganda, Ndebele, Nyanja, Odia, Shona, Somali, Swati, Tamil, Telugu, Tumbuka, Yao, Zulu
tongue (n, anat) a-ra árá — Baatonum (Bariba)
tooth yak Gurdjar
torso tors Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chukchi, Gagauz, Kashubian, Koryak, Mokshan, Romanian, Russian, Silesian
touch (v) pa Maori
trade (n) shaŋ Chinese
translate fen fan — Dungan
tree mo Evenki
tribe fē-laf fiilaf — Jola-Fonyi
trumpet (n) trom-pe-ta Catalan, Galician, Hiligaynon, Kaqchikel, Mapudungun, Nahuatl (Mecayapan), Romanian, Spanish
truth bōn-do Bibbulmun, Noongar
tumour (n) ag-boe ágbo — Logba
two (n) dyo Greek, Ladef, Pantos-Dimou-Glossa
unit (n) me-ra мера — Nivkh
until (prep) thēl til, till — Danish, English, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Old Norse
urine hek Chamalal
vagina bwēn mbin — Kele (DRC)
very, extremely ra-sa rasá — Guarani (Paraguay)
voice (n) læn-chwæ Sotho, Tswana
want (v, desire) ra-ta Sepedi (Northern Sotho)
wash (v) saa Kambari
water wa-a-tar Hittite
wave (n, water) a-ræ are — Tahitian
way (n, path) da-rē Kannada, Telugu
west bar-ra Djinang, Yolngu
what wat Dutch, English, Frisian
which (relative pronoun) French
white (adj) sak Chorti, Yucatec
why (adv) la-ma Hebrew, Aramaic
wide (adj) ve-ke Isekiri
wind (n) wa-ta Danghu (Wangurri), Yolngu
wine (n) mo-ga mΦgΦ — Shilluk
with (prep) ken Iloko
wood (n, material) kō-na kuna — Mono
work kar-ya Sanskrit
world dō-ña dunia, dunya etc — Crimean, Hausa, Indonesian, Karaim, Kashmiri, Krymchak, Kumyk, Kusaal, Madurese, Magahi, Makassar, Malay, Manado, Medanese, Pashto, Rajasthani, Santali, Sara, Saraiki, Sindhi, Sundanese, Swahili, Tartar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uighur, Urdu, Wolof
write vo-la Fijian
yellow lak-na Choctaw
yes nam Arabic
yesterday yam Aleut (Eastern)
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